Netball: How to Play and It’s Rules and Regulations


Netball is a team sport that originated in England in the late 19th century. It is similar to basketball, but there are some differences in the rules and the court layout. Netball is played by two teams of seven players, with each team trying to score goals by shooting a ball through a netted hoop located at each end of the court. The ball is passed between teammates by throwing it with their hands, and players are not allowed to move with the ball.


Netball and it’s skills

Netball requires a range of skills that players need to master in order to be successful. Here are some of the key skills in netball:

Netball player
Netball player

Top Six skills Which is a Netball Player Need

Netball is a sport that requires its players to be physically fit and healthy, with lots of stamina to play a game with lots of running.

  1. Passing: Netball is a passing game, so players need to be able to pass the ball accurately and quickly to their teammates. Different types of passes include chest passes, bounce passes, and overhead passes.
  2. Shooting: Scoring goals is the aim of the game, so players need to be able to shoot accurately and confidently. Good shooting technique involves focusing on the ball and following through with the shot.
  3. Footwork: Players need to move quickly and efficiently on the court, so good footwork is essential. This includes taking small steps, pivoting, and jumping to catch the ball.

Also there is need of Defense, Communication, and fitness Skill. By practicing these skills and developing good technique, players can improve their performance and contribute to their team’s success.

Team player of netball
Team Player

How to play Netball

To play netball, you will need a netball court, a netball, and a team of seven players. Here are the basic steps to play netball:

All the positions of netball
All the positions of Netball Game

In netball, there are seven positions, each with their own unique roles and responsibilities. Here is a brief overview of each position and their main responsibilities:

  • Goal shooter (GS): The goal shooter’s main responsibility is to score goals. They are usually the tallest player on the team and are positioned in the shooting circle, close to the goal post. The goal shooter must have good accuracy and be able to shoot from close range.
  • Goal attack (GA): The goal attack’s main responsibility is to support the goal shooter and to help score goals. They are positioned in the shooting circle, alongside the goal shooter. The goal attack must be quick and agile, with good passing and shooting skills.
  • Wing attack (WA): The wing attack’s main responsibility is to bring the ball into the attacking third and to feed the ball to the goal shooter and goal attack. They are positioned in the center third and must be able to move quickly and make accurate passes.
  • Center (C): The center’s main responsibility is to link the attacking and defending thirds and to control the game. They are positioned in the center of the court and must be able to move quickly, make accurate passes, and defend well.
  • Wing defense (WD): The wing defense’s main responsibility is to defend the opposing team’s wing attack and to intercept passes. They are positioned in the center third, on the opposite side of the court to the wing attack.
  • Goal defense (GD): The goal defense’s main responsibility is to defend the opposing team’s goal attack and to try to prevent them from scoring goals. They are positioned in the defending third, in front of the opposing team’s shooting circle.
  • Goalkeeper (GK): The goalkeeper’s main responsibility is to defend the opposing team’s goal shooter and to try to prevent them from scoring goals. They are positioned in the shooting circle, in front of the goal post.

Each position requires specific skills and attributes, and it is important for players to understand their roles and responsibilities in order to play effectively as a team.

Preparations for playing Netball

1-Set up the court:

A netball court is 30.5 meters long and 15.25 meters wide. The court is divided into thirds and has two shooting circles at either end. The netball posts should be positioned at the center of each circle, and the netball should be placed in the center of the court.

Court of the netball
Court of the Netball

2-Choose teams and positions:

Netball is played with two teams of seven players each. Each player has a designated position on the court, which determines where they can move and what their role is. The positions are Goal Shooter, Goal Attack, Wing Attack, Center, Wing Defense, Goal Defense, and Goal Keeper.

Netball court and positions
Netball court and positions

3-Get a referee who knows the rules: 

In netball, the role of the referee is to enforce the rules of the game and to ensure that the game is played in a fair and safe manner. The referee is responsible for making decisions on fouls, penalties, and other infractions, as well as for keeping track of the time and score.

Here are some key responsibilities of the referee in netball:

  1. Enforce the rules: The referee must be knowledgeable about the rules of the game and enforce them consistently and fairly throughout the game. This includes making decisions on fouls, penalties, and other infractions, and ensuring that all players are playing within the rules.
  2. Keep track of the time and score: The referee is responsible for keeping track of the time and score throughout the game. They must ensure that the game is played for the appropriate length of time, and that the score is accurately recorded.
  3. Communicate with players and coaches: The referee must communicate effectively with the players and coaches, including explaining rulings and decisions, answering questions, and providing feedback on the game.
  4. Ensure player safety: The referee must be vigilant about player safety and take appropriate action if a player is injured or at risk of injury.

Overall, the referee plays a crucial role in ensuring that netball is played fairly and safely. It is important for referees to be knowledgeable, consistent, and communicative in order to create a positive and enjoyable playing environment for all participants.

Referee of the netball
Referee of the game

Rules and Regulations of the netball game

Netball is a popular team sport played around the world. It has specific rules and regulations that must be followed to ensure fair play and safety for all players. Some of the key rules and regulations in netball include:

(1) Timing structure of the Game:

Time structure of the Game
Timing structure

(2) Starting the game:

The game begins with a center pass from the center position in the center third of the court. The player with the ball must pass it to a teammate within three seconds.

Centre pass

(3) Scoring a goal:

A goal is scored when the ball is successfully thrown through the goal post. A goal is worth one point, and a goal scored from outside the shooting circle is worth two points.

Score a goal
Score a goal

(4) Team changes and substitutions:

In netball, teams are allowed to make changes and substitutions during the game, subject to certain rules and regulations. Here is an overview of the team changes and substitution rules in netball:

  1. Number of players: Each team consists of seven players on the court at any given time, with up to seven additional players allowed on the team bench.
  2. Substitutions: Substitutions can be made at any time during the game, but they must be made at the designated substitution area, which is usually located near the center of the court. A player may only enter the court when the player they are replacing has completely left the court.
  3. Injury substitutions: If a player is injured during the game, they may be substituted for a reserve player. The injured player must leave the court immediately and cannot return to the game.
  4. Blood rule: If a player is bleeding, they must leave the court to receive medical attention. A substitution can be made during this time.
  5. Interchange cap: In international netball, teams are limited to a maximum of twelve player substitutions per game. This rule is intended to prevent teams from making excessive substitutions and disrupting the flow of the game.
  6. Time limit: Teams are allowed to take up to one minute to make a substitution. If the team takes longer than one minute, the umpire may award a penalty pass to the opposing team.

It is important for teams to plan their substitutions carefully and to communicate effectively during the game to ensure that players are used effectively and efficiently. Coaches can work with their players to develop substitution strategies and to ensure that all players are prepared and ready to contribute to the team’s success on the court.

Teams of the game

(5) Contact:

Physical contact between players is not allowed in netball. Players must keep a distance of at least 0.9 meters from each other and cannot make contact with an opponent’s body or arms.

Contact with another player

(6) Obstruction:

Players cannot impede the movement of an opponent or the ball. If a player is within 0.9 meters of an opponent, they must be actively contesting for the ball or they are considered to be obstructing.

Obstruction of the Game

(7) Held Ball:

A “held ball” occurs when a player in possession of the ball stops moving or fails to pass the ball within three seconds. The three-second rule is intended to keep the game flowing and prevent any one player from dominating possession of the ball for too long.Once a player has held onto the ball for more than three seconds, the umpire blows their whistle to signal a “held ball” violation. The opposing team is then awarded a free pass from the spot where the violation occurred.

Held ball

(8) Over a third:

The “over a third” rule refers to the restriction on the number of players from a team who can be in a particular third of the court at any one time. When a team is in possession of the ball, they are not allowed to have more than two players in their attacking third or more than three players in their defensive third. This is to ensure that the game is played fairly and that one team does not gain an unfair advantage by overcrowding a particular area of the court.

Over a third

(9) Offside:

The “offside” rule refers to the restriction on where players can move and stand on the court. Each player on a team has a designated position on the court and is only allowed to move within certain areas. If a player moves or stands in an area of the court where they are not allowed to be, they are considered “offside” and can be penalized by the umpire.

Off side

(10) Out of the court:

when the ball goes out of the court, it is considered out of play. The ball is considered out of court when it completely crosses the sidelines or the backline, either on the ground or in the air.

Out of the Court

(11) One foot landing:

 The “one foot landing” rule refers to the requirement that a player who catches the ball while jumping must land on one foot before stepping with the other foot. This rule is intended to prevent players from gaining an unfair advantage by taking too many steps without dribbling the ball.

One foot landing

(12) Two foot landing:

The “two foot landing” rule refers to the requirement that a player who catches the ball while standing or running must come to a stop and land on both feet before pivoting or passing the ball. This rule is intended to ensure that players do not take too many steps without releasing the ball.

(13) Penalties:

In netball, a “penalty” is a consequence that is imposed by the umpire when a player commits a violation of the rules of the game. Penalties are used to maintain fairness and sportsmanship on the court and to ensure that the game is played in accordance with the rules.

There are several different types of penalties that can be awarded in netball, depending on the nature of the violation. Some common penalties include:

  1. Free pass: A free pass is awarded to the opposing team when a player commits a minor violation, such as stepping over the sideline or making contact with an opponent.
  2. Penalty pass: A penalty pass is awarded to the opposing team when a player commits a more serious violation, such as obstruction or breaking the footwork rule.
  3. Penalty shot: A penalty shot is awarded to the opposing team when a player commits a serious or intentional violation, such as contact or dangerous play.

In conclusion, netball is a game that is governed by a set of rules and regulations that are designed to ensure fair play, sportsmanship, and player safety. These rules cover various aspects of the game, including the movements of the players, the positioning of the ball, and the consequences of rule violations. It is important for players to have a good understanding of the rules and regulations of netball, and to work on developing their skills and strategies to play within the rules and minimize the impact of penalties. With practice, focus, and adherence to the rules, players can enjoy the many benefits of playing netball, including improved fitness, teamwork, and sportsmanship.

Netball sponsors
All the sponers of netball